(Català) 10 llibres per comprendre (i pal·liar) el canvi climàtic

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En la cumbre del clima de París ya no se discute si el cambio climático es real o no, pues ya nadie niega su existencia, ni tampoco qué medidas serían necesarias para evitar el cambio climático, pues ya es irreversible. En la actual cumbre del clima se discuten las medidas que habría que emprender para limitar la subida de la temperatura del planeta a “sólo” 2ºC.

Dentro de este contexto es importante que la ciudadanía se concienciar de la gravedad de la situación y de la importancia de emprender medidas efectivas para detener y tratar de revertir los efectos del cambio climático, para que esta Ciudadanos concienciada presione a los gobernantes para que luchen efectivamente contra el cambio climático.

Recientemente el diario ARA ha publicado un interesante artículo en el que recomiendan 10 libros que tratan el tema del cambio climático. Los libros propuestos son los siguientes:

“Això ho canvia tot. El capitalisme vs. el clima” (Empúries, 2015)

“Cortina de fum sobre el canvi climàtic” (Librooks, 2015)

“La política del cambio climático” (Alianza, 2010)

“La meva primera guia sobre el canvi climàtic” (La Galera, 2008)

“El canvi climàtic a casa nostra” (Bromera, 2010)

“Una veritat incòmoda” (Edicions 62, 2007)

“El col·lapse és evitable” (Octaedro, 2014)

“Los 100 últimos glaciares del sur de Europa” (Besa & Keops, 2013)

“Guerres climàtiques. La lluita per sobreviure en un món que s’escalfa” (Librooks, 2013)

“El gran calentamiento. Como influyó el cambio climatico en el apogeo y caída de las civilizaciones” (Gedisa, 2009)

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En la cimera del clima de París ja no es discuteix si el canvi climàtic es real o no, doncs ja ningú nega la seva existència, ni tampoc quines mesures caldrien per evitar el canvi climàtic, doncs ja es irreversíble. En l’actual cimera del clima es discuteixen les mesures que caldria emprendre per limitar la pujada de la temperatura del planeta a “només” 2ºC.

Dintre d’aquest context es important que la ciutadania es conciencïi de la gravetat de la situació i de la importancia d’emprendre mesures efectives per aturar i intentar revertir els efectes del canvi climàtic, per tal que aquesta cituadania concienciada pressioni els governants per a que lluitin efectivament contra el canvi climàtic.

Recentment el diari ARA ha publicat un interessant article en el que recomanen 10 llibres que tracten el tema del canvi climàtic. Els llibres proposats son els següents:

“Això ho canvia tot. El capitalisme vs. el clima” (Empúries, 2015)

“Cortina de fum sobre el canvi climàtic” (Librooks, 2015)

“La política del cambio climático” (Alianza, 2010)

“La meva primera guia sobre el canvi climàtic” (La Galera, 2008)

“El canvi climàtic a casa nostra” (Bromera, 2010)

“Una veritat incòmoda” (Edicions 62, 2007)

“El col·lapse és evitable” (Octaedro, 2014)

“Los 100 últimos glaciares del sur de Europa” (Besa & Keops, 2013)

“Guerres climàtiques. La lluita per sobreviure en un món que s’escalfa” (Librooks, 2013)

“El gran calentamiento. Como influyó el cambio climatico en el apogeo y caída de las civilizaciones” (Gedisa, 2009)

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(Català) La trasició energètica és possible i beneficiosa. Vuit publicacions científiques ho confirmen

Portades
Las energías fósiles se están agotando. Con el ritmo de consumos actual las reservas mundiales se habrán agotado antes del 2060, como se demuestra en el libro del profesor de la UPC y presidente de CMES Carles Riba.
Algunos se refugian en negar la evidencia científica que supone el agotamiento de los recursos fósiles, mientras se ven obligados a recurrir a tecnologías cada vez más complejas, como el fracking, para extraer unos recursos cada vez más escasos. Otros proponen la energía nuclear con solución, obviando que también consume un recurso fósil muy escaso cono es el uranio, que se agotará en las próximas décadas. También hay quien propone falsas soluciones, como la captura de CO2, para permitir seguir quemando carbón sin emitir contaminación a la atmósfera, una tecnología que no impedirá que las reservas fósiles de carbón se acaben a mediados de este siglo.
Ante este escenario, la única solución viable es hacer una transición energética hacia un modelo energético sostenible basado en las energías renovables.
Al contrario de lo que mucha gente opina, las energías renovables son, hoy en día, una alternativa real que permitiría cubrir toda la demanda energética y prescindir de los recursos fósiles, con la consecuente reducción de las emisiones de contaminantes y, sorprendentemente para muchos, representado un enorme ahorro económico para todos aquellos países que no disponen de reservas de energía fósil.
A continuación adjuntamos una lista de enlaces a artículos científicos y publicaciones de todo el mundo que analizan, en profundidad y con rigor, y que demuestran la viabilidad y conveniencia de emprender inmediatamente una transición hacia un modelo energético basado completamente en las energías renovables.

Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: Todo el mundo.
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: Europa
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: Dinamarca
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: Bélgica
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: Alemania
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: Holanda
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: California
Transición a un modelo energético 100% renovable para el año 2050. Ámbito: China, Japón y Corea

Todos estos artículos y publicaciones sostienen que, en cada uno de sus ámbitos de estudio, la transición energética hacia un modelo 100% renovable es una solución, no sólo viable, sino beneficiosa. Además sorprende que todos ellos utilicen la fecha de 2050 como límite temporal para hacer la transición, precisamente antes del agotamiento de las energías fósiles previsto como máximo para el año 2060.
Todos estos artículos llegan a conclusiones similares a las del estudio publicado por el vicepresidente de CMES Ramon Sans, donde se expone la propuesta de transición hacia un modelo energético sostenible TE21 propuesto por CMES como solución para el caso catalán, español y europeo, frente al agotamiento de las energías fósiles, proporcionando a la vez una muy sustancial mejora económica al reducir las salidas de capital, aumentar la independencia energética de los países y ciudadanos, y realizando fuertes inversiones locales en tecnología y mano de obra especializada con alto valor añadido.

The dangers of extending the life of nuclear plants

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The existing nuclear power plants in Spain were originally built with a lifespan between 30 and 40 years, which means that its components were calculated to withstand the wear of operation during this period.
Currently, the nuclear industry is strongly pressing the government to get permission for continue operating the existing nuclear power plants for another 20 years, which mostly have already passed its lifespan or are about to do so. That is intended to make them work beyond their components can withstand only to increase their profits, increasing the risk of a serious nuclear accident in the country.
For more information on this subject we recommend to read an interesting article published by Pep Puig titled “Playing Russian roulette with nuclear”

Great success of the TE21 presentation in Atlàntida hall of Vic city

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Last 5th November our colleague, and vice president of CMES, Ramon Sans presented in Vic city, in the “Atlanta” hall, the Energy Transition for XXI century proposal -TE21-, emerged as result of the analysis of the energy situation and the energy evolution prospects. TE21 poses a gradual replacement of all fossil energy with renewable energy within a few decades, assessing the costs and benefits, and demonstrating that make this transition is possible, and it would be an important economic savings, and also showing that not make it will cause an energy collapse in less than 40 years due to fossil fuels exhaustion.
The presentation aroused much interest, and the hall was almost full, with about 600 attendees.
This interest shown by attendees during and after the talk excited Ramon Sans, particularly because Vic is his hometown.
The talk aroused the attention and interest of the participants, as was specially noted in the Question Time, which revealed the sensitivity and growing concern of the society with regard to both the environmental problem of the current energetic model and the need to tackle a new energetic model.
This talk was one more step in the CMES social communication of our concerns as a collective, and has obtained a social response that invites us to continue our work with more intensity.
After such success, Barbera del Valles has also organized a similar talk scheduled for next 26th May at the Public Library Esteve Paluzie. We invite you to attend this or any of the many talks organized by CMES, which you can know through the agenda of this blog, or through our Facebook.

We also thank Eduard Furro the press release and photographs taken on the occasion of this event.

Greenpeace confirms CMES. The energy transition benefits the economy

Greempeace

According to a recent Greenpeace study (created by the consulting Abay) titled “Economic recovery through renewable energy” , make a strong transition to renewable energy, such as that described in the CMES energetic transition proposal TE21, it is not only possible but beneficial to the economy of Spain, confirming the calculations published in the book “The collapse is avoidable” Published by Octahedron, written by Vice of CMES Ramon Sans in collaboration with Elisa Pulla.

According to the Greenpeace study is possible to generate three million jobs between 2015 and 2030, achieve a reduction in the average household energy bill by 34% (25% in electric energy), achieving a reduction of gas emissions greenhouse 75% over 2012 and an increase of two percentage positions of GDP. The transition would require investing 19,500 million per year to change the energy model and orient it towards the renewable energy to achieve a power system based on 95% on clean energy.

A 100% renewable energy model is possible and cheaper

In a recent article published in the journal “El periódico de la energía”, the new sustainable energy model TE21, proposed by CMES, is analyzed from the point of view of its technological feasibility and its economic viability. All those who have read the book of our partner Ramon Sans, “The collapse is avoidable“, know the proposed new sustainable energy model TE21 of CMES, proposed as an alternative to the current model that leads inevitably to an energy, economic and social crisis in a few decades, due to the relentless increase in energy consumption, and the inevitable depletion of fossil energy reserves, subject brilliantly analyzed by Carles Riba, president of CMES, in his book “Crisis and energy Resources.”
Those books shows that replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy within a few decades, it is not only possible, it is cheaper than continue with de fossil energy and is also the only way to prevent a sudden collapse of our civilization.
So we invite you to read the quoted article of “El periódico de la energía” that you can find by following this link, and the books of Carles Riba and Ramon Sans. Also you can learn more about the proposed new energy model TE21 attending one of the many talks that CMES organizes periodically, and published on this blog agenda.

The IEA confirms that renewable energies would reduce energy bills

The International Energy Agency or IEA, confirms the results of CMES studies. Making the energetic transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy would save up to $ 71 trillion ( 71.000.000.000.000 ) to the world economy until 2050.
This organization’s members are the governments of 29 countries (mainly Europe , USA , Japan and South Korea) . It was founded after the oil crises of 1973. Its mission is ensure the cheap and regular supply of energie to its members.
Regularly publishes studies related to energy, and in its latest publication has confirmed the CMES thesis. Continue with the current non-renewable energy model will produce great economic losses, as well as serious environmental problems and an increase in global temperature. The solution proposed by the IEA is the transition to renewable energy, but also insists in some solutions wich CMES consider false as carbon capture combined with gas burning .
If you want to know the full content of the report of the IEA can follow the link , or visit the IEA website which also offer all kinds of interesting data concerning energy.

Perdues

The attached image is an example of the data provided by the website of the IEA , and shows how much energy contained in the energy sources is lost in the conversion proceses (dark gray).

The energy transition tipping point

Over the last decades, renewable energies have matured, and its operating costs have been reduced.
At the same time the most profitable non-renewable energy sites have been depleted, and therefore its operating costs have increased. This trend is accelerating, and lead us to a tipping point, where the non-renewable energy becomes more expensive than renewable energy, thus eliminating the final barrier to its widespread implementation.
In a fascinating article, Chris Nelder (energy analyst and consultant) presents evidence that this tipping point has been reached, and the large non-renewable energy companies hegemony is about to wane.
As always we invite you to read this article.

Nelder-The energy transition-en

Fracking. Analysis report

From immediate results and questionable projections, diferent political, business and media authorities have presented the shale oil and fracking as a new era of fossil fuels.
From CMES we have proposed a calm, pragmatic and scientific analysis from this new technology, analyzing the pros and cons involved, from the energy, economic and ecological perspective.
As a result of this analysis, we generated a report, available here, where we present the main data available relating to fracking technology, andsome conclusions.
We invite you to see the report yourself and get your own conclusions.

CMES_2014_Fracking (C.Riba)

21St CENTURY ENERGY TRANSITION

We present here a new version of the document “21 Century Transition Energy” written by Ramon Sans Rovira. One proposal for a path to a model based on 100% renewable energy, that allows some great advantages like:

  • Back control of energy
  • Reversing the Process of Climate Change
  • Reduce dramatically the bill motivated by the external imports of fossil fuels resolving widely the external debt
  • Overcoming the crises of the Cost of Energy is a leading cause
  • Build-an important increased occupancy

A path which will be more attainable if We give the highest Diffusion, in order to begin it with determination. (Document in catalan)